In last week’s Monday Opinion, I highlighted the urgent need for Zambia to balance mining prosperity and agricultural productivity. This week, I delve deeper into how technology, innovation, and government regulation can ensure environmentally friendly resource extraction.

Embracing Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Mining

Technology and innovation are key drivers of this transition towards sustainable mining. Some countries have leveraged technology to improve efficiency and reduce the environmental impact of resource extraction. Australia is a good example. The mines in Australia have integrated environmentally friendly practices into their core operations. They use advanced mining technologies such as efficient waste management systems and eco-friendly extraction methods. Moreover, Australia has invested heavily in research and development to explore alternative mining approaches, building on its vast experience in mining that spans over 200 years. Investing in research and development can lead to breakthroughs in sustainable resource extraction. Collaboration between mining companies, academic institutions, and government agencies is essential to foster innovation and drive positive change in the sector.

Mining Waste Management and Compliance Monitoring

Mining companies can help Zambia achieve a harmonious balance between mining activities and environmental conservation by embracing cutting-edge technologies and exploring innovative approaches. It is also important that mining companies assess the extent to which their operations affect the environment. Thousands of tons of mining waste are generated every year, which often do not have a proper disposal site. The use of remote sensing technology can help both mines and government monitor compliance with environmental standards and regulations.

Promoting Sustainable Mining Practices in Zambia

The adoption of sustainable mining practices, such as improved waste management systems and the utilization of renewable energy sources, can significantly minimize the industry’s carbon footprint. Embracing cleaner and more efficient mining methods, such as underground mining and in-situ leaching, can help mitigate the disruption of fertile land and reduce the consumption of water resources.

To promote innovation in the mining sector, Zambia needs to create an environment that encourages investment and supports the development of sustainable mining solutions. This can be achieved by providing access to financing and mentorship programs especially for artisanal and small-scale mining that are tailored to encourage innovation in the industry.

Strengthening Government Regulation and Oversight

The responsibility, to ensure sustainable mining practices does not solely lie with the industry itself. The government plays a vital role as a mandatory enforcement entity, setting policies and regulations that promote responsible resource extraction. It is crucial for the government to review and update mining policies regularly, considering the latest environmental research and global best practices. By establishing stringent regulations and enforcing compliance, the government can incentivize mining companies to prioritize sustainable practices.

The government should also invest in the development of specialized departments dedicated to monitoring and regulating the mining industry’s environmental impact. These departments can conduct regular inspections, perform environmental impact assessments, and collaborate with mining companies to implement sustainable practices effectively. By actively engaging with industry stakeholders, the government can ensure that mining activities are conducted in an environmentally friendly manner.


Zambia has the opportunity to lead the way in sustainable mineral extraction practices through the integration of technology, innovation, and effective government regulation. By embracing advanced technologies, encouraging innovation, and enforcing stringent regulations, Zambia can ensure that mining activities do not compromise fertile land and natural resources. Additionally, diversifying the economy will contribute to the long-term well-being of the nation and reduce its reliance on finite resources.

Looking ahead, the future of mining in Zambia lies in sustainable practices and responsible resource management. The country must learn from the experiences of mines that faced closure, leaving behind environmental degradation and limited agricultural possibilities. By proactively embracing environmentally friendly technologies, fostering innovation, and enforcing stringent regulations, we can ensure that future generations inherit a thriving and sustainable mining sector.

About the Author

Ibrahim Kamara is the acting Head of Research at the Centre for Trade Policy and Development. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Economics and Finance as well as a master’s degree in Public Finance and Taxation from the University of Lusaka. Ibrahim also serves as the Coordinator for the Zambia Tax Platform.